Irregular Verbs


Base form Past form Past participle Portuguese translation

arise arose arisen surgir, erguer-se

awake awoke awoken despertar

be was, were been ser, estar

bear bore borne suportar, ser portador de

beat beat beaten bater

become became become tornar-se

befall befell befallen acontecer

beget begot begotten, begot procriar, gerar

begin began begun começar

behold beheld beheld contemplar

bend bent bent curvar

bet bet bet apostar

bid bid bid oferecer, fazer uma oferta

bind bound bound unir, encadernar, obrigar-se

bite bit bitten morder

bleed bled bled sangrar, ter hemorragia

blow blew blown assoprar, explodir

break broke broken quebrar

breed bred bred procriar, reproduzir bring brought brought trazer broadcast broadcast broadcast irradiar, transmitir (sinal de rádio ou TV) build built built construir buy bought bought comprar cast cast cast atirar, deitar catch caught caught pegar, capturar choose chose chosen escolher cling clung clung aderir, segurar-se come came come vir cost cost cost custar creep crept crept rastejar cut cut cut cortar deal dealt dealt negociar, tratar dig dug dug cavocar do did done fazer ** draw drew drawn tracionar, desenhar ** drink drank drunk beber drive drove driven dirigir, ir de carro eat ate eaten comer fall fell fallen cair feed fed fed alimentar feel felt felt sentir, sentir-se fight fought fought lutar find found found achar, encontrar flee fled fled fugir, escapar fling flung flung arremessar fly flew flown voar, pilotar forbid forbade forbidden proibir forget forgot forgot, forgotten esquecer forgive forgave forgiven perdoar freeze froze frozen congelar, paralisar get got gotten, got obter ** give gave given dar go went gone ir

grind ground ground moer

grow grew grown crescer, cultivar

have had had ter, beber, comer

hear heard heard ouvir

hide hid hidden, hid esconder

hit hit hit bater

hold held held segurar

hurt hurt hurt machucar

keep kept kept guardar, manter

know knew known saber, conhecer

lay laid laid colocar em posição horizontal, assentar

lead led led liderar

leave left left deixar, partir

lend lent lent dar emprestado

let let let deixar, alugar

lie lay lain deitar

lose lost lost perder, extraviar

make made made fazer, fabricar **

mean meant meant significar, querer dizer

meet met met encontrar, conhecer

overcome overcame overcome superar

overtake overtook overtaken alcançar, surpreender

pay paid paid pagar

put put put colocar

quit quit quit abandonar

read read read ler

ride rode ridden andar (de bicicleta, moto, a cavalo)

ring rang rung tocar (campainha, etc.)

rise rose risen subir, erguer-se

run ran run correr, concorrer, dirigir

saw sawed sawn serrar

say said said dizer

see saw seen ver

seek sought sought procurar obter, objetivar

sell sold sold vender send sent sent mandar set set set pôr em determinada condição, marcar, ajustar ** shake shook shaken sacudir, tremer shed shed shed soltar, deixar cair ** shine shone shone brilhar, reluzir shoot shot shot atirar, disparar, alvejar, fotografar, filmar show showed shown mostrar, exibir shrink shrank shrunk encolher, contrair shut shut shut fechar, cerrar sing sang sung cantar sink sank sunk afundar, submergir sit sat sat sentar slay slew slain matar, assassinar sleep slept slept dormir slide slid slid deslizar, escorregar sling slung slung atirar, arremessar speak spoke spoken falar spend spent spent gastar spin spun spun fiar, rodopiar spit spit, spat spit, spat cuspir spread spread spread espalhar spring sprang sprung fazer saltar stand stood stood parar de pé, aguentar steal stole stolen roubar stick stuck stuck cravar, fincar, enfiar sting stung stung picar (inseto) stink stank stunk cheirar mal strike struck struck golpear, desferir, atacar string strung strung encordoar, amarrar strive strove striven esforçar-se, lutar swear swore sworn jurar, prometer, assegurar sweep swept swept varrer swim swam swum nadar

swing swung swung balançar, alternar take took taken tomar ** teach taught taught ensinar, dar aula tear tore torn rasgar, despedaçar

tell told told dizer, contar think thought thought pensar throw threw thrown atirar, arremessar

tread trod trodden pisar, trilhar

undergo underwent undergone submeter-se a, suportar

understand understood understood entender, compreender

uphold upheld upheld sustentar, apoiar, defender

wear wore worn vestir, usar, gastar

win won won vencer, ganhar

wind wound wound enrolar, rodar, dar corda

write wrote written escrever, redigir

Fonte: English Made in Brazil – https://www.sk.com.br/sk-irregular-verbs-verbos-irregulares.html

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