ALM – Application lifecycle management

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Application lifecycle management (ALM) is the product lifecycle management(governancedevelopment, and maintenance) of computer programs. It encompasses requirements managementsoftware architecturecomputer programmingsoftware testingsoftware maintenancechange managementcontinuous integrationproject management, and release management.[1][2]

ALM is a set of pre-defined processes that start somewhere in the business as an idea, a need, a challenge or a risk and then pass through different development phases such as requirements definition, design, development, testing, deployment, release and maintenance spanning across an entire lifecycle of a product. Throughout the ALM process, each of these steps is closely monitored and controlled, followed by proper tracking and documentation of any changes to the application.


ALM vs. Software Development Life Cycle[edit]

ALM is a broader perspective than the Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC), which is limited to the phases of software development such as requirements, design, coding, testing, configuration, project management, and change management. ALM continues after development until the application is no longer used, and may span many SDLCs.

Integrated ALM[edit]

Modern software development processes are not restricted to the discrete ALM/SDLC steps managed by different teams using multiple tools from different locations.[citation needed] Real-time collaboration, access to centralized data repository, cross-tool and cross-project visibility, better project monitoring and reporting are the key to develop quality software in less time.[citation needed]

This has given rise to the practice of integrated application lifecycle management, or integrated ALM, where all the tools and tools’ users are synchronized with each other throughout the application development stages.[citation needed] This integration ensures that every team member knows Who, What, When, and Why of any changes made during the development process and there is no last minute surprise causing delivery delays or project failure.[citation needed]

Today’s application management vendors focus more on API management capabilities for third party best-of-breed tool integration which ensures that organizations are well-equipped with an internal software development system that can easily integrate with any IT or ALM tools needed in a project.[citation needed]

There has been talk to change the term ALM to ADLM (Application Development Life-cycle Management) to include DevOps.[4]

ALM software suites[edit]

Some specialized software suites for ALM are:

Name Released by
Endevor CA Technologies
Enterprise Architect Sparx Systems
FusionForge FusionForge
GitLab GitLab
HP Application Lifecycle Management HP Software Division
IBM Rational Team Concert IBM
JIRA Atlassian
Mylyn Eclipse Foundation
Parasoft Concerto, Parasoft Development Testing Platform Parasoft
PractiTest H.S PractiTest
Protecode System 4 Protecode
Pulse Genuitec
PTC Integrity PTC
Rational solution for Collaborative Lifecycle Management IBM
SAP Solution Manager SAP
StarTeam Borland
TeamForge CollabNet
Team Foundation Server (on-premises software) and Visual Studio Team Services (cloud service)for Visual Studio Application Lifecycle Management Microsoft
TestTrack Seapine Software
Tuleap Enalean

See also[edit]


  1. Jump up^ deJong, Jennifer (2008-04-15). “Mea culpa, ALM toolmakers say”SDTimes. Archived from the original on February 2, 2011. Retrieved 2008-11-22.
  2. Jump up^ Chappell, David, What is Application Lifecycle Management? (PDF), archived from the original (PDF) on December 7, 2014
  3. Jump up^ “What are ALM and Integrated ALM” (PDF). Kovair Software.
  4. Jump up^ “Gartner blogpost”.

Further reading[edit]

  • Keuper, Frank; Oecking, Christian; Degenhardt, Andreas; Verlag, Gabler (2011). Application Management: Challenges – Service Creation – StrategiesISBN 978-3-8349-1667-9.
  • Linnartz, Walter; Kohlhoff, Barbara; Heck, Gertrud; Schmidt, Benedikt (2004). Application Management Services und Support. Publicis Corporate Publishing. ISBN 3-89578-224-6.
  • “Gartner Market Scope for ALM 2010”.
  • Hüttermann, Michael (2011). Agile Application Lifecycle Management. Manning. ISBN 978-1-935182-63-4.

Electronic sources[edit]


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